Report on the Commission Meeting 2018

We have held a commission meeting during the EPSC 2018 in Berlin, Germany. The topics covered were the followings: 

  • Search for publication tools to make ICA CPC publications more visible and more referenced (reviews, blogs, link to publication platforms like sciencedirect.com, Wikipedia presence, contact potential educators directly (via mailing list) to call attention to available publications related to planetary cartography and to encourage them to use it).
  • Chair change: current chair proposes A. Nass (DLR). National ICA member (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Kartographie) will be contact to propose A. Nass as next commission chair at General Assembly in Tokyo.  “The General Assembly shall, at the same time, approve terms of reference for that Commission.”
  • Standardization of map making and archiving in Europe: discussion on a ’standard’ map production  process (on European level) to ensure compatibility in creation and archiving
  • Archive for planetary mapping results is needed.  For this purpose a method has to be compiled that enables an efficient and sustainable search for cartographic products (analogue and digital). Archive should include and base on already existing map database.     
  • Reviewing the quality of planetary maps (outside USGS mapping program) is a problem: we could form a group of volunteer reviewers who would help finalizing planetary maps
  • Children’s map series: continue and focus more on age group peculiarities: focus groups / tests with maps, including “reverse side” photomap, and variants, asking their interpretation
  • Next commission meeting in Tokyo 2019
  • ICC 2019, Tokyo: Commission abstract (poster) about the book (in preparation).

Berlin, 09.19.2018.

Signed: Henrik Hargitai, Andrea Naß

 

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Annual Commission Meeting in September

This year’s annual commission meeting will take place connected to the European Planetary Science Congress event in Berlin, Germany.

Time: 0945 (meeting point)

Date: Wednesday, September 19,  2018.

Place: Meeting point: in front of the TU Berlin building (Hauptgebäude der Technischen Universität Berlin, Str. des 17. Juni 135, 10623 Berlin, Deutschland. (G87G+2Q Berlin, Deutschland). We will move to a meeting room from here.

tuberlin.jpg

If you are interested in participating, please come to the meeting point at 0945 or write to hhargitai@gmail.com for more information.

Commisson members and non-members are all welcome.

Topics: Past, present and future projects of the commission; new commission members, new chair selection process, suggestions for new projects.

 

2017 in Review 4: New Planetary Base Maps

Planetary Base Maps as visualizations reaching to a broad audience are a basis images used by scientists for their cartographic work. In 2017 we had some new essential base maps published for Pluto, Ceres and Mimas.

Pluto Global Color Map

The color mosaic of Pluto is created from images taken by Long-Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) and the Multispectral Visible Imaging Camera (MVIC) on New Horizons that flew by the dwarf planet in 2015. It is, for now, the most detailed mosaic of Pluto reaching a resolution of 300 meters per pixel.

https://astrogeology.usgs.gov/search/map/Pluto/NewHorizons/Pluto_NewHorizons_Global_Mosaic_300m_Jul2017
https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/pluto-global-color-map

pluto_color_mapmosaic

Uncontrolled Mosaic of Ceres

by Th. Roatsch, E. Kersten, K.-D. Matz, F. Preusker, F. Scholten, R. Jaumann, C.A. Raymond, C.T. Russell

Full atlas of Ceres in a resolution about 35 meters per pixel with 62 sheets was released this year. Photos were taken between December 16, 2015, and August 8, 2016, by the Framing Camera from the Dawn mission. This is an impressive visualization of the dwarf planet, which will surely be the base for future maps.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0032063317300648
http://dawngis.dlr.de/atlas_dir/schema/Ceres_Schema_62_LAMO.html

ceres_atlas

The Mimas Atlas

by Roatsch, T., Kersten, E., Hoffmeister, A., Wahlisch, M.

Small Saturn’s moon Mimas got complete visual image thanks to Cassini spacecraft. The CICLOPS (Cassini Imaging Central Laboratory for Operations) team have released full mosaic and cartographic sheet version of the maps. These images are an update to the previous work from 2010 showing us the moon with an image scale of 216.2 meters per pixel.

http://ciclops.org/view/8559/Map-of-Mimas—June-2017
http://ciclops.org/view/8625/The-Mimas-Atlas

mimas8625_20527_2mimas8559_20400_1

Which one is your favorite planetary Base Map in 2017?

Vote for it: https://goo.gl/x3P2A5

2017 in Review 3: New Planetary Citizen Maps

Citizen scientist maps should deserve more attention, they are not just another renderings of already-known images but beautifully crafted high quality (and resolution) cartographic products.

The Goddesses of Venus

by Eleanor Lutz (USA)

A continuation of the Medieval map of Mars project, this unusual map takes you to the land of goddesses.

http://tabletopwhale.com/

17goddessvenus

Maps of Mercury

by atlas-v7x (DeviantArt)  (New Zealand)

This series of Mercury maps show Mercury as no one has seen it before. These maps use MESSENGER topographic and color albedo data alone and combined. Nomenclature is dual, blue names are albedo features, white ones are topographic.

https://atlas-v7x.deviantart.com/art/The-Planet-Mercury-686594207

https://atlas-v7x.deviantart.com/art/The-Planet-Mercury-685464940

https://atlas-v7x.deviantart.com/art/The-Planet-Mercury-686592967

17mercury17mercury217mercury3

Craters of the Moon

by atlas-v7x (DeviantArt)  (New Zealand)

This thematic map shows the topography of the Moon with crater names accompanied with little flags that show the nationality of the person the crater was named after.

https://atlas-v7x.deviantart.com/art/Craters-of-the-Moon-685022114

17mooncraters

The Planet Venus / Venus – Map of Craters

by atlas-v7x (DeviantArt) (New Zealand)

Generic map of Venus, based on old Magellan radar altimeter data, with a fresh, terrestrial look. The Venus crater map looks as if it was taken from a School Atlas. Very Earth-like colors of very alien world with a random distribution of impact craters symbolized with little suns, otherwise to small to show up at this scale.

https://atlas-v7x.deviantart.com/art/The-Planet-Venus-687359995

https://atlas-v7x.deviantart.com/art/Venus-Map-of-Craters-685020808

17venus17venuscraters

47 Mars exploration zones for a future human mission

By Mateusz Pitura (Poland)

Did you know that Mars Exploration Zones still have no Wikipedia entry? Until a Wiki editor would discover that we have dozens of candidate human Mars mission targets, here is the map of these sites.

https://universumae.deviantart.com/art/47-Mars-exploration-zones-for-future-human-mission-717559880

17explorationzones

Titan Texture Map 8k

by FarGetaNik (DeviantArt) (Germany)

This map is at least as good as the new Google Earth Titan map and combines infrared equatorial coverage with polar radar swaths.  Dark areas show lakes at the poles and dunes at the equator.

https://fargetanik.deviantart.com/art/Titan-Texture-Map-8k-665838936

17titan

Also this year:

Photomosaic Maps of Pluto 

https://fargetanik.deviantart.com/art/Pluto-Texture-Map-16k-643938442

https://fargetanik.deviantart.com/art/Pluto-Color-Map-16k-693675588

Photomosaic Map of Io

https://fargetanik.deviantart.com/art/Io-Truecolor-Texture-Map-8k-708688293

Which one is your favorite planetary Citizen Map in 2017?

Vote for it: https://goo.gl/forms/LuvVr2uC5IwZsWEJ2

2017 in Review 2: New Planetary Geologic Maps

2017 brings us a couple of new geologic planetary maps. This year European groups published the same number of geologic/geomorphic planetary maps as the USGS. We present short descriptions of them and ask you to vote for your favourite map below.

Geologic Map of Meridiani Planum, Mars

by Brian M. Hynek and Gaetano Di Achille (USA)

The Meridiani Planum area is the landing site of the Opportunity rover. Authors of this map indicate that the map is using more recent orbiter data to “place rover’s findings in a broader context”. It can help evaluate the geologic and hydrologic histories of the Meridiani region.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/sim3356

2017_Meridiani_Planum

Geology of the Shakespeare quadrangle (H03), Mercury

by Laura Guzzetta, Valentina Galluzzi, Luigi Ferranti & Pasquale Palumbo (Italy)

A map that is an improvement over the previous, Mariner10 based 35 years old map of the quadrangle, now using MESSENGER data. The region is characterized by three main types of plains materials and four basin materials (formations). This map classifies craters into 3 classes based on their degradation that is not comparable to the 5 classes in the previous map. The map will support the ESA/JAXA BepiColombo project.

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/figure/10.1080/17445647.2017.1290556

2017_Geology of the Shakespeare quadrangle (H03)_Mercury

Geomorphological Map of Ius Chasma, Valles Marineris, Mars

by Krzysztof Dębniak, Daniel Mège & Joanna Gurgurewicz (Poland)

A major part of Valles Marineris, Ius Chasma, is rich in geomorphological features. The authors say that “The map displays 52 main geomorphological units of which some are further subdivided. They include both well-established features (e.g. spur-and-gully morphology on trough walls, landslide scars, and deposits), and newly reported landforms (e.g. alluvial fans with dendritic channels, moraines in western Ius Chasma).”

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/figure/10.1080/17445647.2017.1296790

2017_Ius_Chasma

Bedrock and structural geologic maps of eastern Candor Sulci, western Ceti Mensa, and southeastern Ceti Mensa, Candor Chasma, Valles Marineris region of Mars

by Chris H. Okubo and Tenielle A. Gaither (USA)

Another map from Valles Marineris, which is a part of a large-scale project. On two sheets we can find elevation data maps, geologic maps, cross section, stratigraphic units and events, stereonet plots (showing poles to planes of discontinuities) and other visualizations.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/sim3359

2017_Ceti_Mensa

Generic identification and classification of morphostructures in the Noachis-Sabaea region, southern highlands of Mars

by Trishit Ruj, Goro Komatsu, James M. Dohm, Hirdy Miyamoto & Francesco Salese (Italy)

This first morphostructural map of the Noachis-Sabaea region displays structures and forms (craters, grabens, faults, ridges) with correlation to geologic units in detail. According to the authors, the work is “the basis for making inferences about Noachian-Hesperian crustal activity, and provides information for further studies regarding the reconstruction of the evolutional history of the region.”

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/figure/10.1080/17445647.2017.1379913

2017_Noachis_Sabaea

Geologic map of Ceres

by David A. Williams , Debra L. Buczkowski , Scott C. Mest , Jennifer E.C. Scully (USA)

This map is a global summary of the large Ceres mapping project which brought us 15 quadrangle maps. These maps are available in the Geologic Mapping of Ceres Special Issue of Icarus. The global geologic map is at a scale of 1:3 500 000, which shows that impact craters dominate the surface of this dwarf planet.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0019103516306637?via%3Dihub
https://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2017/pdf/2512.pdf

2017_Global_Map_of_Ceres

Which one is your favorite geologic map of 2017? Vote for it below:
https://goo.gl/forms/Xbwz0VXg83KnOYLm1

2017 in Review 1: New Planetary Web Mapping Servers

2017 brought a boom in planetary online WMS services. We show you which new service can do what. 

The new Google map

Google worked closely with NASA the next corner in Silicon Valley to prepare the highest, 5m/px resolution global photomosaic of Mars in 2012 that even researchers used for browsing Mars, only available through Google Earth, but not in the web-based map. This year Google added a wealth of new layers, although nothing is published about the image sources or cartographic control. Perhaps at LPSC2018. The service “as is” but still provides the fastest planetary image browsing opportunity for the armchair scientist. Maps include clickable nomenclature. The uniqueness of Google maps is that they are original photomosaics you can’t find elsewhere.

Some of the additions include

  • a beautiful high resolution multiscale color map of Mercury, which shows albedo at low resolution and low-sun relief view when you zoom in, both MESSENGER data
  • a global radar view of Venus at full Magellan resolution
  • a so-so albedo view of the Moon
  • Mars is now a not very seamless but quite high resolution HRSC color mosaic with some gaps
  • Ceres is added but not Vesta
  • Color and multiscale mosaic for Ganymede and Callisto
  • Titan is a nicely rendered seamless infrared+radar view at high resolution
  • Pluto and Charon is also the highest resolution global mosaic in color
  • And mosaics for other outer solar system satellites

https://www.google.com/maps/space/earth

googleceres

ESRI’s Solar System Atlas

The company behind ArcGIS, the most commonly used mapping software in planetary cartography, has published its online atlas from the layers also available for direct import into an ArcGIS project. Unlike for Google, credit is given for all image sources, but in this case mosaicking was not done by ESRI, but all maps were taken from USGS/NASA. This service is basically a tile service to quickly display existing data, including geologic maps.

http://esripm.maps.arcgis.com/apps/MapJournal/index.html?appid=f737586c543e48428b96df64057ebed0#map

esri

Planetary Surface Portal / PSUP

This is a service from French university observatories (Paris Sud and Lyon), who made their OMEGA data available through this service. OMEGA (Observatoire pour la Mineralogie, l’Eau, les Glaces et l’Activit) is a hyperspectral imaging spectrometer developed in France, originally for a failed Russian mission, onboard the European Mars Express spacecraft. Mineralogical and albedo data can be viewed, and downloaded from the WMS along with some feature database layers.

http://psup.ias.u-psud.fr/sitools/client-user/index.html?project=PLISonMars

psup

Planetary Cesium Viewer

The Cesium technology based viewer from the Paris Sud University in France shows global mosaics for basically all major moons and planets in the Solar System, including the gas giants.  The maps can be viewed as globes or 2D flat maps. The code is open, and available on Github.

http://134.158.75.177

planetarycesium

Open Planetary Map Mars Basemap v0.1

The OpenPlanetaryMap (OPM) project aims to develop a vector based Mars map that users can modify and personalize. This is a community-based project where planetary scientists can share their cartographic ideas. The map uses CARTO Builder and there are detailed instructions on how you can build your own map within this system. This is the first attempt to create a vector-based Mars basemap, which would bring fresh air into a raster-filled planetary mapping universe.

http://openplanetary.co/opm/#3/11.80/-45.04

openplanetary

Moon Trek

The official NASA outreach/research map combo for the Moon, an online platform  for both enthusiasts and researchers. Numerous datasets, mapping and analysis tools are offered. Developed at NASA Ames and JPL in California.

https://moontrek.jpl.nasa.gov

moontrek

And we did not list those WMS services that started before 2017…

Which one is your favorite? Vote for the best new planetary WMS in 2017:

https://goo.gl/forms/BrPY2tsUcRfitJjW2

ICC2017 – The planetary program

Report of the ICA Commission on Planetary Cartography meeting at ICC2017 Washington
7/6/2017
Chair: H. Hargitai

The meeting had 12+1 participants. The sessions included 7 planetary talks (plus two in the pre-conference workshop) and 4 posters.
We discussed the commission projects, including the children’s maps, EPO apps and projects, nomenclature issues and databases.
It was stated that the basic goal of the commission is not to resolve science questions but to facilitate visibility of planetary datasets for the terrestrial cartographers and produce EPO materials for students.
M. Pitura volunteered to further develop the commission’s WordPress website.
We agreed that the commission website will feature a “toolbox” for planetary EPO that will include the tools we presented during the meeting, including the desciption of enhanced ePub, game/city engine etc.
A. Nass talked about the need for a publication that helps mappers in planetary feature identification in images.
A. Jasper talked about the problems of nested placenames, and designation of subsurface features identified on radar data.
For the childrens maps, we talked about the need of better targeting age groups and defining the exact ways the map wants to engage readers and how the map could relate to the reader’s experience.
We agreed that a planetary map reading test will be made to find the best ways to depict an extraterrestrial surface that is understood by the readers. Placenames are important on a planetary map because they may be the only parts of the map that is relatable, i.e. has some familiarity to the map reader.
In future publications we will experiment with maps designed in familiar scales, i.e. city map, country map, continent map scales – increasing relatability.
We have discussed the possibilities of coordinated activities between our commission and the IAU Commission on Cartographic Coordinates & Rotational Elements.
We have discusses the possibility of new commission projects:
Open Planetary, an open source user interface to interact with Mars map, the “Martian open street map”
– Automated extraction of areas of interest of research papers
– enhanced ePub applications
– real life location based applications designed for Mars (etc) maps for smartphones
– creative identification of any point on a planet’s surface, that can be used by virtual explorers to identify their current location, and address or “three words”
– development of detailed astronomy club educational activities based on planetary cartographic products or the production of planetary maps
– new approaches to map styles, e.g. mapbox
– promote the inclusion of maps in astronomy apps like “Planets”
– Promote the inclusion of planetary maps in Atlases, with a good example the Swiss World Atlas
– verbal comparative description of an area to known units on earth (this place on Mars is 10 Spains)
– triggered by a talk by J. Reyes, we could develop a Mars Atlas based on the design of the School atlases of M. Kogutowicz.

There is no decision on next year’s meeting but it could be in Central Europe.
We have agreed that in Tokyo, a new chair has to be appointed.

Comments, ideas, projects from You? Send it to hhargitai @ gmail.com.

Henrik Hargitai

chair

Thursday, July 6, 2017
Location: Harding

12:30 PM – 1:20 PM

Power Point Presentation

2:50 PM – 3:50 PM
TECHNICAL SESSIONS – 6600s Planetary Cartography
Location: Harding
4:10 PM – 5:30 PM
TECHNICAL SESSIONS – 6700s Planetary Cartography

Location: Harding